Joris Hoefnagel or Georg Hoefnagel (1542-1601) was a Flemish painter, print-maker, miniaturist, draftsman and merchant. He is noted for his illustrations of natural
history subjects, topographical views, illuminations and mythological works.
He was one of the last manuscript illuminators, and made a major contribution
to the development of topographical drawing.
A pivotal figure in the history of Dutch art, he played an important role both in the latter stages of the Flemish illumination tradition and the birth of the
new genre of still life. In the last decade of his life Hoefnagel was appointed court artist
to Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II, and it was in this time that he appended
Georg Bocskay's "Model Book of Calligraphy," of thirty years previous, with his
own beautifully exquisite "Guide to the Construction of Letters."
In each, he surrounds the typographic diagram with a colorful array of symbolically charged motifs and, for some, an excerpt from the Bible which begins
with the letter of focus. — The Getty Museum
Care: Spritz with a glass cleaner when necessary, and wipe with a gentle cloth.
Do not submerge in water. For decorative purposes only.
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